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From Grant Edwards, via email 22/11/03
My mother's father's mother, ELIZA GOODGER, née FREWIN (housewife and monthly nurse)
The reference for Eliza Frewin's birth certificate at the Family Records Centre is: Hackney 1850 March Vol. 3, p. 225.
Her birth certificate shows that she was born to William and Mary Ann Frewin (née Arnold) at 8, Elizabeth Terrace, Edwards Lane, Stoke Newington, on December 22 1849. Interestingly, the 1881 census shows her birthplace as Finsbury, but the two areas are contiguous.
At the time of both the 1881 and 1891 censuses she was living (as Eliza Goodger) at 8 Avenue Road, Clapton, London. In 1891, already widowed, she was taking in lodgers - the census shows a 27-year-old widowed clerk called Horace Reeve and a 24-year-old seamstress called Mary Forster lodging with her.
The 1901 census shows her as Eliza Goodger, living at 75 Malvern Road, Stoke Newington. Her occupation was given as "monthly nurse". A list of old occupations shows a monthly nurse to be one who attended a woman for a month after giving birth.
No other details are known, except that my late uncle, her grandson, Sydney Hunt Goodger, recalled seeing her once and receiving a Bible from her (which he still possessed in 1994) for his eleventh birthday (on April 25 1917).
It is not known when she died.
I checked the official register of deaths for the years from 1919 to 1939 and found three women called Eliza Goodger. One, who died in Sheffield in Jul-Sep 1924, would have been far too old, and both the others (who died in Ipswich in Jan-Mar 1931 and in Surrey Southwest in Jan-Mar 1938) would have been about 15 years too young. It might be worth checking the register for the final three quarters of 1917 and all of the year 1918. Could she have remarried? In that case her death would not be recorded under Eliza Goodger.
My mother's father's father, THOMAS GOODGER (commercial clerk)
Thomas Goodger is shown in the 1881 National Census to have been born in Shoreditch. From his death certificate it can be calculated that he was born between March 23 1847 and March 22 1848. His parents did not marry until April 9 1848. His birth is not recorded as Thomas Goodger. A search has been made to see whether his birth is recorded under the name of Thomas Simmons (his mother's maiden name).
Thomas Goodger married at Hackney Parish Church on February 28 1870. The marriage certificate does not give his exact age at the time but states that he was of "full age". The wedding is not reported in the contemporary issues of the Hackney Gazette. Though living in Downs Road at the time of his marriage, he does not appear as a Downs Road resident in the 1871 National Census. The marriage certificate is signed by his sister Elizabeth Sarah Goodger as a witness.
His son, my grandfather Sydney Thomas Goodger was born at 4 College Avenue, Hackney. On my grandfather's birth certificate, Thomas Goodger's occupation is given as commercial clerk. In 1880, when his father, Joël Goodger (Googer), died, Thomas Goodger was shown on the death certificate as living at 9 Avenue Road, Clapton. This may well be an error for number 8, which is where he was living at the time of the 1881 census. He is said by my late uncle, Sydney Goodger, to have been very overweight and to have died from a heart condition after running to fetch a doctor when one of his children was ill (the child recovered). His death certificate shows that he died at the age of 38 on March 22 1886, the cause of death being given as pleurisy, perihepatitis and fatty degeneration of the heart. This is a term, no longer in medical use, which I have been told by my GP probably described a form of heart muscle wastage associated with drinking. If that were the case, it might explain his son Sydney's teetotalism. The place of death is given as 8 Avenue Road (Clapton). Present at his death was a brother-in-law, Thomas Ashton, a brass finisher, who married Thomas Goodger's sister, my 2 x great-aunt Elizabeth Sarah Goodger, at St James's Church, Clapton, on December 26 1872. The name Ashton was unusual in London at that time, most Ashtons then being in the Cheshire and Lancashire area.
Thomas Goodger was buried at Abney Park Cemetery, Hackney (record entry of March 26 1886, burial number 078813, index 3S06). The details come from the Abney Park website.
Thomas Goodger had five children: Alice Mary, born in late 1870 or 1871 (marriage certificate: Hackney 1b 496 March 1890), my maternal grandfather, Sydney Thomas, born in 1872, two further daughters, Maude (Evelyn?) and Ethel Maria, who were 7 and 2 at the time of the 1881 National Census, and another son, Percy Arthur, who was born in 1880 or 1881 and said by my maternal grandmother to have gone prematurely grey before dying in Stamford Hill, north London, in 1908 at the age of 27 from tuberculosis. Percy married in 1905 and had two sons, Thomas Percy and Alfred Cyril in 1906 and 1908 respectively. I know nothing about Percy's descendants of later generations. The Maude Evelyn Goodger whose marriage is listed at the Family Records Centre (Reference: September 1904 Hackney 1b 966) is probably my grandfather's sister. The spelling of Maude with a final 'e' may well be the correct one.
Apart from his sister Elizabeth Sarah, Thomas Goodger had at least three other sisters (see under "My mother's father's father's father, Joel Goodger") Alice, who in 1881 was living with Joseph Ashton's family and was aged 21. The marriage certificate of Elizabeth Sarah Goodger and Thomas Ashton gives two of the witnesses as Ann(i)e Maria Goodger (own marriage certificate: Hackney 1b 518 March 1893) and Emily Goodger (own marriage certificate: Hackney 1b 496 March 1880). These are the names of two of Elizabeth and Thomas's sisters. Thomas's father Joel Goodger was widowed in 1861 and appears never to have remarried.
My mother's father's mother's father, WILLIAM FREWIN (gardener)
William Frewin was 70 at the time of the 1881 National Census and was thus born in 1810 or 1811. At the time of his daughter Eliza's birth in 1849 he was living at 8 Elizabeth Terrace, Edwards Lane, Stoke Newington. His daughter Eliza's birth certificate and marriage certificate show him to have been a gardener. This is confirmed by the 1881 National Census, which gives his address as 43 Churchill Road, Hackney, where he and Ann R. Frewin (possibly not Eliza's mother) lived with their unmarried 24-year-old stepson William Foster and the latter's teenaged brother and sister. William Frewin's place of birth is given as Oxford, which in the language of the day meant the County of Oxford, i.e. Oxfordshire.
The 1881 National Census showed a Thomas Frewin, also a gardener and one year older than William, living at 1 Terrace Barn Street, Stoke Newington, just down the road from William. It seems very likely that the two were brothers, for three main reasons:
a) Thomas Frewin, too, came from Oxfordshire - Henley, to be precise - (William's birthplace entry in the Census gives just the county).
b) William's daughter appears to have been named after Thomas's wife, who was also Eliza.
c) One of the witnesses at Eliza Frewin's wedding was a Thomas Frewin.
Interestingly, Thomas was buried in the local cemetery at Abney Park, Hackney on October 4 1889, aged 71, whereas William was not. This suggests William may have moved away from the area in his later years.
At the time of the 1871 National Census William was not living in London Road, Hackney (his daughter Eliza's 1870 address).
My mother's father's mother's mother, MARY ANN FREWIN, née ARNOLD
Elizabeth's name is given on her daughter Eliza's birth certificate. It is known that she was married to William Frewin at the time (1849) but we have no information on her date of birth or marriage. It appears that she died before 1881, as the census for that year shows William Frewin's wife as an Ann R. Frewin, who was born in Stepney in 1825 or 1826 (see 1881 National Census). Both Ann and William Frewin are shown in that census as being the step-parents of the three children aged between 14 and 24, born in Hackney/Homerton and named Foster, who were living at the same address.
The scenario may well be that Ann Frewin had previously married a widowed Mr Foster who already had children by his deceased first wife. This made Ann Frewin (as Ann Foster) the stepmother. When Mr Foster died, she married William Frewin, himself widowed, who thus became, in effect, a stepfather. But this is speculation.
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What is this database for?
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For further information, contact: Lawrence Frewin